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ARRL Propagation Bulletin ARLP027 (2000)

ARLP027 Propagation de K7VVV

QST de W1AW  
Propagation Forecast Bulletin 27  ARLP027
From Tad Cook, K7VVV
Seattle, WA  July 7, 2000
To all radio amateurs 

ARLP027 Propagation de K7VVV

Solar flux and sunspot numbers declined again this week.  Average
solar flux was off nearly 14 points and average sunspot numbers were
down by seven.  At least the geomagnetic indices were also lower.
Sometimes when solar flux is higher the increased geomagnetic
activity makes things difficult for HF operators.

Last week's bulletin and the one previous, ARLP026 and ARLP025
stated that solar flux should rise after July 1.  This happened as
projected.  ARLP026 said that solar flux should peak near 200 around
July 10-13, but an updated projection shows solar flux reaching a
short term maximum near 205 around July 12-13, then drifting slowly
toward a minimum around 165 from July 23-26.  Projections also show
geomagnetic conditions as unsettled over the next month, except
during a quiet period from July 12-13 when planetary A indices
should be in the single digits.

As we begin the second half of 2000, it is time to review quarterly
averages of solar flux indices.  Average solar flux for the quarter
just completed, April through June, was 182.9.  The same second
quarter of 1999 had an average daily solar flux of 145, and the
intervening average quarterly flux values were 157,6, 175,2 and
180.5.  This is a good general indication of a rising solar flux.
Average solar flux for the month of June was 179.8, and the January
through May average monthly levels were 159, 174.1, 208.2, 184.2 and
184.5.  This seems to indicate a peak of solar flux values in March,
but don't bet on March being the solar max for cycle 23.  Latest
predictions shown in the NOAA weekly Preliminary Report and Forecast
predict a peak of smoothed solar flux values at 188 for August and
September, 2000 and smoothed sunspot numbers reaching a maximum of
140 in January and February, 2001.  Smoothed numbers are averaged
over a period of time, so we can expect peak values somewhat higher.
You can see the predicted values in a pdf file at  Page through to the
last few pages to see the tables and graphs.  The URL for the index
to all of the weekly reports is at

Expect fairly good conditions for the IARU HF World Championship
this weekend.  Predicted solar flux values for Friday through
Tuesday are 180, 185, 190, 195 and 200, and predicted planetary A
indices for the same days are 15, 10, 12, 10 and 10.

Sunspot numbers for June 29 through July 5 were 189, 159, 175, 185,
166, 165 and 200 with a mean of 177. 10.7 cm flux was 163.3, 159.6,
163.7, 162.4, 156.3, 158.4 and 168.7, with a mean of 161.8, and
estimated planetary A indices were 12, 7, 9, 6, 10, 9 and 13, with a
mean of 9.4.


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